Melihat Realisme Sinema Costa

Curator: Manshur Zikri

 

Program kuratorial ini menyajikan tiga karya Pedro Costa, berjudul In Vanda’s Room (2000), Colossal Youth (2006), dan Horse Money (2014). Berangkat dari ide tentang realisme yang selalu mengalami pergeseran tafsir akibat pembaruan-pembaruan atas medium filem—di samping faktor-faktor gejolak sosial, budaya, ekonomi, dan politik sezaman di kala penciptaan artikulasi kontemporer dari realisme—sehingga menuntut eksplanasi ontologis yang baru bagi krisis teknis, estetis, bahkan sosiologis yang mengejuntukan sinema modern kita, kuratorial ini memandang bahwa Pedro Costa, lewat ketiga filem itu terutama, menawarkan suatu metode produksi (yang juga berdampak pada bahasa dan estetika filemnya) yang turut mengkritisi gagasan mengenai realisme, khususnya di era digital saat ini. Ketiga filem lantas dilihat sebagai contoh tentang studi melalui sinema mengenai orang-orang marjinal dan isu-isu periferal, lewat cara-cara di luar mekanisme produksi konvensional dan mapan.

This curatorial shows three works of Pedro Costa, In Vanda’s Room (2000), Colossal Youth (2006), and Horse Money (2014). Based on the idea about realism that interpretation of it is always shifting due to the renewal of the medium—apart from contemporary political, economic, cultural, social factors of the creation period of the articulation–thus demanding a new onthological explanation for technical, aesthetic, even sociological crises that shock our modern cinema, this curatorial argues that Pedro Costa through his films offer a method of production (which also have an impact on the language and aesthetics of the film) that also criticize the idea of realism, especially in today’s digital era. The three films then be seen as case studies through the cinema about marginalized people and peripheral issues, in the ways outside the conventional production and well-established mechanisms.

 

In-Vandas-Room_web

In Vanda’s Room
Pedro Costa, 2000, 179 minutes
Country: Portugal | Language: Portugese | Subtitle: English

Filem ini merekam kehidupan sehari-hari yang penuh depresi dari Vanda dan saudaranya—pecandu heroin yang juga warga asli di Distrik Fontainhas, daerah kumuh di pinggiran Lisbon. Membidik dengan saksama aktivitas Vanda di dalam kamar, sebagai pusat dari vortex peristiwa yang ditangkap filem, cerita berjalin secara tidak teratur menemukan sendiri kesalingterhubungannya melalui obrolan-obrolan orang-orang di sekitaran tempat tinggal Vanda. Kamera berpindah dari ruang yang satu ke ruang yang lain, turut serta membingkai kehidupan masyarakat di distrik yang sedang dalam proses pembongkaran tersebut.

This film documents the depressing daily life of Vanda and her sister—heroin addicts who are also the original inhabitants of Fontainhas District, a slum at a Lisbon’s periphery. Shooting carefully Vanda’s activities inside her room, as the center of the events’ vortex captured in the film, the story rolls in disorder and finds its own connectedness through the talks of people around Vanda’s place. The camera moves from one room to the next, participating to frame the district people’s lives during a demolition.

Colossal-Youth_web

Colossal Youth
Pedro Costa, 2006, 155 minutes
Country: Portugal | Language: Portugese | Subtitle: English

Filem ini berfokus pada kisah Ventura—seorang imigran Cape Verde yang dihantui trauma Revolusi Anyelir dan kemudian tinggal di Distrik Fontainhas—yang sedang dalam proses mendapat rumah baru yang berasal dari proyek pembangunan pemerintah Portugis saat itu. Negosiasi Ventura terhadap tawaran-tawaran rumah baru diselingi dengan perjalanannya mendatangi orang-orang yang ia sebut sebagai anak-anaknya, usai dirinya kabur dari rumah karena bertikai dengan istri. Dalam pengembaraan ini, obrolan-obrolan yang dia lakukan dengan orang-orang yang ia temui menghidupkan kembali memori-memori tentang kehidupan dan lingkungan masa lalunya.

The film focuses on Ventura—an immigrant of Cape Verde haunted by the traumatic Carnation Revolution, living in the Fontainhas District—who is in the process of obtaining a new house from the Portuguese government’s project at the time. Ventura’s negotiation concerning bids of new houses is intertwined with his trips to the people he calls his children, after a fight with his wife and his escape from his house. In these trips, his talks with the people he sees relive the memories of life and surrounding of the past.

Horse Money 

Horse Money
Pedro Costa, 2014, 103 minutes
Country: Portugal | Language: Portuguese | Subtitle: English

Sebuah fase kedua pengembaraan Ventura dalam mengingat kejadian-kejadian dramatis dalam hidupnya dan orang-orang di sekitarnya: tentang perseteruan, kehilangan, kegilaan, dan luka-luka industrial. Kisah filem ini berkutat pada eksplorasi Ventura dalam melawan mimpi-mimpi buruk yang ia alami pasca pertikaian dengan istrinya, dalam kondisi terdiagnosa sebagai pengidap skizofrenia. Disajikan dengan nuansa noktural dengan latar rumah sakit dan lorong-lorong bawah tanah, dan dialog-dialog teatrikal, filem ini secara ambigu memadupadankan antara yang nyata dialami sang tokoh dan yang rekaan dari alam mimpinya sebagai si sakit dan pesakitan.

A second phase of Ventura’s adventure in remembering dramatic events of his life and the people around him: of feuds, losses, madness, and industrial pains. The story revolves around Ventura’s exploration in fighting against nightmares he has after the dispute with his wife, in a condition of diagnosed schizophrenia. Presented in nocturnal ambience with the background of a hospital and catacombs, and theatrical dialogs, this film ambiguously combines what’s really experienced by the character and what’s fabricated from his dreamy world as a prisoner and a patient.

Pedro Costa (lahir 30 Desember, 1958) adalah sutradara kelahiran Portugis. Belajar filem di Lisbon Theatre and Film School. Mulai membuat filem, O Sangue, tahun 1989. Pernah mendapat penghargaan France Culture Award (Foreign Cineaste of the Year) di Cannes tahun 2002, dan Independent/Experimental Prize (Los Angeles Film Critics Association) tahun 2008.

Pedro Costa (born on December 30, 1958) is a Portugese filmmaker. He studied in Lisbon Theatre and Film School. He began making film with O, Sangue, in 1989. He received France Culture Award (Foreign Cineaste of the Year) in Cannes in 2002 and Independent/Experimental Prize (Los Angeles Film Critics Association) in 2008.

Leave a Comment